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Head of a king from Kalocsa

Head of a king from Kalocsa

1st quarter of the 13th c.
Stone sculpture , Red marble
17 cm

Inv.: 53.364
Location: Building D, Ground Floor
Térkép

Head of a king from Kalocsa

This carefully worked, smoothly polished marble carving is one of the most well-known, emblematic works of 12th-century Hungarian sculpture. We see the head of a bearded man wearing a band crown with crosses. His mouth is closed, and his eyes are open wide. His face is almost completely intact, with only his chin broken. Carved in the round, his head tilts slightly forward, which shows that the carving came from a work in high relief. The statue was probably made at the end of the 12th century, from Hungarian red marble from the Gerecse Hills. The red colour of the head, similar to porphyry, suggests the relief work, to which it belonged, played a special role. Who the figure represented is uncertain: some researchers have identified him as St Stephen, the king, and others as Christ.

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